Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • W8 W8

    Haplogroup W8 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • W9 W9

    Haplogroup W9 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • X X

    Haplogroup X is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 20,000 and 43,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X1 X1

    Haplogroup X1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,500 and 24,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X1’2’3 X1’2’3

    Haplogroup X1’2’3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • X1’3 X1’3

    Haplogroup X1’3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • X1a X1a

    Haplogroup X1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,600 and 15,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X1c X1c

    Haplogroup X1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,000 and 19,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2 X2

    Haplogroup X2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,600 and 21,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a X2a

    Haplogroup X2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,200 and 16,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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