Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • R11b R11b

    Haplogroup R11b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,600 and 25,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • R11b1 R11b1

    Haplogroup R11b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R11b1a R11b1a

    Haplogroup R11b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R11b1b R11b1b

    Haplogroup R11b1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R12 R12

    Haplogroup R12 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R12’21 R12’21

    Haplogroup R12’21 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R14 R14

    Haplogroup R14 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • R1a R1a

    Haplogroup R1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,700 and 10,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Georgians and Iranians Places: Caucasus, Europe, India, and Middle East

     
  • R1a1 R1a1

    Haplogroup R1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 9,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Azeri Places: Armenia, Greece, Russia, and Turkey

     
  • R1a1a R1a1a

    Haplogroup R1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 6,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain

     
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