Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • A2a1 A2a1

    Haplogroup A2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Inuit Places: Canada

     
  • A2a2 A2a2

    Haplogroup A2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 7,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Chukotkan Inuit and Eskimo Places: North America and Northeast Siberia

     
  • A2a3 A2a3

    Haplogroup A2a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Chukchi, Inuit, and Yupik Places: Greenland and Siberia

     
  • A2a4 A2a4

    Haplogroup A2a4 is a Native Americas branch on the maternal tree of humanity. It is a young branch on the tree, and the woman who founded it lived in a Native North American population between very recent generations and 800 years ago. (Achilli et al., 2013)

    People: Navajo Places: Arizona, Chihuahua, Colombia, Mexico, and New Mexico

     
  • A2a5 A2a5

    Haplogroup A2a5 is a Native Americas branch on the maternal tree of humanity. This young branch of the tree was born between 250 and 1,750 years ago to a woman who lived among the Athabaskan language speakers in what is now Canada. (Achilli et al., 2013)

    People: Apache, Athabaskan, Cree, Na Dane, Navajo, and Secwepemc Places: Canada, North America, and United States

     
  • A2aa A2aa

    Haplogroup A2aa is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2ab A2ab

    Haplogroup A2ab is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2ac A2ac

    Haplogroup A2ac is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2ac1 A2ac1

    Haplogroup A2ac1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2ad A2ad

    Haplogroup A2ad is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
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