Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • L3e3’4 L3e3’4

    Haplogroup L3e3’4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 24,800 and 35,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3’4’5 L3e3’4’5

    Haplogroup L3e3’4’5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 27,000 and 38,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3a L3e3a

    Haplogroup L3e3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3b L3e3b

    Haplogroup L3e3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,500 and 5,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3b1 L3e3b1

    Haplogroup L3e3b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 4,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3b2 L3e3b2

    Haplogroup L3e3b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e3b3 L3e3b3

    Haplogroup L3e3b3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • L3e4 L3e4

    Haplogroup L3e4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,000 and 22,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • L3e4a L3e4a

    Haplogroup L3e4a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • L3e4a1 L3e4a1

    Haplogroup L3e4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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