Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • B4’5 B4’5

    Haplogroup B4’5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 42,900 and 56,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B4a B4a

    Haplogroup B4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 19,700 and 28,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B4a1 B4a1

    Haplogroup B4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 17,100 and 26,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B4a1a B4a1a

    Haplogroup B4a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,300 and 11,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B4a1a1 B4a1a1

    Haplogroup B4a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B4a1a1a B4a1a1a

    Haplogroup B4a1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B4a1a1a1 B4a1a1a1

    Haplogroup B4a1a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 6,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B4a1a1a10 B4a1a1a10

    Haplogroup B4a1a1a10 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B4a1a1a11 B4a1a1a11

    Haplogroup B4a1a1a11 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B4a1a1a11a B4a1a1a11a

    Haplogroup B4a1a1a11a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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