Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • HV19 HV19

    Haplogroup HV19 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • HV1a HV1a

    Haplogroup HV1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,600 and 18,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • HV1a’b’c HV1a’b’c

    Haplogroup HV1a’b’c is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • HV1a1 HV1a1

    Haplogroup HV1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,200 and 12,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • HV1a1a HV1a1a

    Haplogroup HV1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • HV1a1b HV1a1b

    Haplogroup HV1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • HV1a2 HV1a2

    Haplogroup HV1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,000 and 16,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • HV1a2a HV1a2a

    Haplogroup HV1a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • HV1a2b HV1a2b

    Haplogroup HV1a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • HV1a3 HV1a3

    Haplogroup HV1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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