Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • H4a1a4a H4a1a4a

    Haplogroup H4a1a4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 100 and 5,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a4b H4a1a4b

    Haplogroup H4a1a4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,800 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a4b1 H4a1a4b1

    Haplogroup H4a1a4b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 4,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a4b2 H4a1a4b2

    Haplogroup H4a1a4b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,800 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a5 H4a1a5

    Haplogroup H4a1a5 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1c H4a1c

    Haplogroup H4a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1c1 H4a1c1

    Haplogroup H4a1c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1c1a H4a1c1a

    Haplogroup H4a1c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1c2 H4a1c2

    Haplogroup H4a1c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1d H4a1d

    Haplogroup H4a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,300 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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