Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • H4a1a1a1a1 H4a1a1a1a1

    Haplogroup H4a1a1a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a1a2 H4a1a1a2

    Haplogroup H4a1a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1a1a3 H4a1a1a3

    Haplogroup H4a1a1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,000 and 5,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a1a4 H4a1a1a4

    Haplogroup H4a1a1a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a2 H4a1a2

    Haplogroup H4a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 4,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a2a H4a1a2a

    Haplogroup H4a1a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • H4a1a2a1 H4a1a2a1

    Haplogroup H4a1a2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 300 and 3,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a3 H4a1a3

    Haplogroup H4a1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a3a H4a1a3a

    Haplogroup H4a1a3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,800 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • H4a1a4 H4a1a4

    Haplogroup H4a1a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,300 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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