Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • B2a1a B2a1a

    Haplogroup B2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 8,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B2a1a1 B2a1a1

    Haplogroup B2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B2a1b B2a1b

    Haplogroup B2a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2a2 B2a2

    Haplogroup B2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,100 and 13,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • B2a3 B2a3

    Haplogroup B2a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2a4 B2a4

    Haplogroup B2a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2a4a B2a4a

    Haplogroup B2a4a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2a4a1 B2a4a1

    Haplogroup B2a4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2a5 B2a5

    Haplogroup B2a5 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • B2b B2b

    Haplogroup B2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,400 and 18,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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