Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • A6a A6a

    Haplogroup A6a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A6b A6b

    Haplogroup A6b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A7 A7

    Haplogroup A7 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 15,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places: Japan

     
  • A8 A8

    Haplogroup A8 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,400 and 25,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places: Kamchatka Peninsula

     
  • A8a A8a

    Haplogroup A8a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Ket Places: Guizhou and Italy

     
  • A8a1 A8a1

    Haplogroup A8a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Buryat Places: Poland, Siberia, and Syria

     
  • A9 A9

    Haplogroup A9 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • B2 B2

    Haplogroup B2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a daughter of the B4b branch. The woman who founded this line lived about 17,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Native Americans Places: North America and South America

     
  • B2a B2a

    Haplogroup B2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,000 and 15,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • B2a1 B2a1

    Haplogroup B2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,400 and 12,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
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