Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • A2w1 A2w1

    Haplogroup A2w1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2x A2x

    Haplogroup A2x is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,200 and 16,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • A2y A2y

    Haplogroup A2y is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • A2z A2z

    Haplogroup A2z is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • A3 A3

    Haplogroup A3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,200 and 11,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: - Places: Japan and Taiwan

     
  • A3a A3a

    Haplogroup A3a is a Japanese branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Although its age has not been determined, it must be younger than its parent that was born between 2,200 and 11,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

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  • A5 A5

    Haplogroup A5 is a Southeast Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,200 and 21,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: - Places: Taiwan

     
  • A5a A5a

    Haplogroup A5a is an East Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 10,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places: China, Japan, and Korea

     
  • A5a1 A5a1

    Haplogroup A5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,900 and 9,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • A5a1a A5a1a

    Haplogroup A5a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,100 and 8,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
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