Y-DNA Company Comparison Chart – Y-SNP & Y-STR

///Y-DNA Company Comparison Chart – Y-SNP & Y-STR
Y-DNA Company Comparison Chart – Y-SNP & Y-STR 2018-02-07T09:36:48+00:00

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Y-DNA Genetic Genealogy

⋅ Y-DNA Geographic Projects

⋅ Y-DNA Surname Projects

Y-DNA Genealogy Tools & Resources



⋅ Base pair

Binary Polymorphism

⋅ Convergence

⋅ Deletion



⋅ Ancestral haplotype

⋅ Modal haplotype


⋅ Locus

⋅ Micro-allele

⋅ Mutation

⋅ Mutation rate

⋅ NexGen sequencing

Non-paternity event

⋅ Pedigree collapse

⋅ RecLOH

Short tandem repeat (STR)

⋅ Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)

⋅ Clade & Subclade

⋅ Triangulation

Unique-event polymorphism (UEP)


Y Chromosome Consortium

The number of DNA testing companies is growing. Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) testing for direct paternal lineages remains the most reliable way to establish evidence of a relationship between two men in the most recent fifteen generations. This Y-DNA Company Comparison Chart covers all major companies in the industry. If you notice one is missing, please contact me. I would be happy to add them.

Where you test yourself and relatives is an important decision. For genealogy research, I recommend Y-DNA testing at least 37 Y-STR markers and using NexGen Y-DNA sequencing for Y-SNPs. This provides the best value for your money. Therefore, I strongly suggest testing your Y-DNA lines with a company that offers both of these tests. Today, these are Family Tree DNA, Full Genomes Corp., and YSeq.

For all genetic genealogy, please review the Genetic Genealogy Standards.

Before using this chart, you should review the background information on the Y-DNA Genetic Genealogy page.

Y-DNAs Company Comparison Chart

23andMeAncestryAfrican AncestryFamily Tree DNAFull Genomes Corp.Genebase Systems, Inc.Genographic ProjectLiving DNAOxford Ancestors, Ltd.YSEQ
Y-STR TestsNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYes
Y37$169 ($149)$89
Y67$268 ($248)
Y111$359 ($339)
Y3001See NexGen
Y-SNP test
23andMeAncestryAfrican AncestryFamily Tree DNAFull Genomes Corp.Genebase Systems, Inc.Genographic ProjectLiving DNAOxford Ancestors, Ltd.YSEQ
Y-SNP TestsYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYesNoYes
By Microarray$99 – $199$199$99 –
SNP Panel$39 – $119 $89-$474
Individual SNPs$39 $18
NexGen Sequencing$575$645Not for Y-DNA $1340
Shipping &
Handling Charges
$14.95$9.95$6.26$12.95 $25$10 ?$9.95$18.50$5
DNA sample storageYesNoNoYesNoNoYes
DNA ProjectsNoNoNoYesNoNoYes
Additional DNA
testing options
available from
this company
& mtDNA
& mtDNA
& mtDNA
& mtDNA
& mtDNA
& mtDNA
& mtDNA


1) At least 300 Y-STRs are included in Full Genome Corporation's NexGen Y-DNA SNP test. Third party analysis by YFull has shown 387 to 436 is the expected number. (private communication)

Company Information

23andMe is based in the USA. Their mailing address is 23andMe, 899 W Evelyn Ave, Mountain View, CA 94041, USA.

Ancestry.com is a USA genealogy and lifestyle company that provides DNA testing for ethnic and recent genealogy (1 to 6 generations). Their mailing address is Ancestry, 360 W 4800, N Provo, UT 84604.

African Ancestry
African DNA is a USA based company that focuses on African Diaspora populations. Their mailing address is African Ancestry, 5614 Connecticut Avenue NW, #297, Washington, DC 20015, USA.

Family Tree DNA
Family Tree DNA is a branch of Gene by Gene. It was founded in 2000 by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld. Based in the USA, both company headquarters and their company owned testing lab are located at Family Tree DNA, 1445 North Loop West, Suite 820, Houston, TX 77008, USA.

Full Genomes Corp.
Full Genomes Corporation is a USA company that provides primarily Y-DNA and full genome sequencing using NexGen technology. Their mailing address is Full Genomes Corporation, Inc.
2275 Research Blvd, Suite 500, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.

Genebase Systems, Inc.
Genebase Systems is owned by Genetrack Biolabs, Inc., a paternity testing company. The company and their testing lab are located in Canada. Their address is Genebase Systems Inc., 200-2806 Kingsway, Vancouver BC V5R 5T5, Canada.

Genographic Project
The Genographic Project is an ongoing initiative of National Geographic. National Geographic's mailing address is 1145 17th St., N. W., Washington, D. C., 20036, USA.

Living DNA
Living DNA is based out of England, However, they partner with testing labs in both the UK and the USA. Their mailing address for their headquarters is Living DNA, K10 The Courtyard, Jenson Avenue, Commerce Park, Frome, Somerset BA11 2FG, England.

Oxford Ancestors, Ltd.
Oxford Ancestors is located in England. Their address is Oxford Ancestors, PO BOX 841
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 9LJ, England.

YSeq is founded and owned by Astrid and Thomas Krahn. It is based in Germany. The mailing address is DNA-Fingerprint, Eiswaldtstr. 31, 12249 Berlin, Germany.

Sources & Resources

ISOGG – Y-DNA STR testing comparison chart
ISOGG – Y-DNA SNP testing chart