Schizotypal personality disorder is a personality disorder. It is marked by severe social anxiety, thought disorder, paranoid ideation, derealization, and transient psychosis. It is defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5. The DSM-5 is published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Diagnosis requires at least five of these:
- Ideas of reference
- Strange beliefs or magical thinking
- Abnormal perceptual experiences
- Strange thinking and speech
- Inappropriate or constricted affect
- Strange behavior or appearance
- Lack of close friends
- Excessive social anxiety that does not abate and stems from paranoia rather than negative judgments about self
Sources & Resources
- Hofvander, B., Delorme, R., Chaste, P., Nydén, A., Wentz, E., Ståhlberg, O., Herbrecht, E., Stopin, A., Anckarsäter, H., Gillberg, C. and Råstam, M. (2009). Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders. BMC psychiatry, 9(1), 35+.