Schizoid personality disorder (ScPD) is a personality disorder. It is marked by social isolation, indifferent to praise, lack of close friends, limited range of emotions, reduced sex drive, and relationship avoidance. It is defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5. The DSM-5 is published by the American Psychiatric Association.
Diagnostic criteria include these:
- Takes pleasure in few, if any, activities
- Does not desire or enjoy close relationships, including family
- Appears aloof and detached
- Avoids social activities that involve significant contact with other people
- Almost always chooses solitary activities
- Little or no interest in sexual experiences with another person
- Lacks close relationships other than with immediate relatives
- Indifferent to praise or criticism
- Shows emotional coldness, detachment or flattened affect
- Exhibits little observable change in mood
Sources & Resources
- Hofvander, B., Delorme, R., Chaste, P., Nydén, A., Wentz, E., Ståhlberg, O., Herbrecht, E., Stopin, A., Anckarsäter, H., Gillberg, C. and Råstam, M. (2009). Psychiatric and psychosocial problems in adults with normal-intelligence autism spectrum disorders. BMC psychiatry, 9(1), 35+.