Protein

Proteins are essential molecules that play many important roles in the human body. They are made up of long chains of amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins. There are 20 different amino acids that can be used to make proteins, and the specific sequence of these amino acids determines the function of the protein.

One of the most important functions of proteins is to act as enzymes, which are molecules that help to speed up chemical reactions in the body. Enzymes are involved in a wide variety of processes, such as digestion, metabolism, and the synthesis of hormones and other important molecules.

Another important function of proteins is to act as structural components of the body. For example, proteins called collagen and elastin help to give strength and elasticity to tissues such as skin, tendons, and ligaments. Other proteins, such as keratin, help to protect and strengthen tissues such as hair and nails.

Proteins are also involved in the immune system, where they help to protect the body against infections and diseases. For example, proteins called antibodies help to identify and neutralize harmful substances such as bacteria and viruses.

Sources & Resources

  1. “Proteins in Human Molecular Genetics” – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK21582/ This page, from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), provides a detailed description of proteins and their role in human molecular genetics.
  2. “Proteins in Human Molecular Genetics” – https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/proteins-in-human-molecular-genetics-14050106 This page, from the journal Nature, provides an overview of proteins and their role in human molecular genetics.
  3. “Proteins in Human Molecular Genetics” – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116039/ This page, from the journal Nature Reviews Genetics, provides a comprehensive overview of proteins and their role in human molecular genetics.
  4. “Proteins in Human Molecular Genetics” – https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/proteins-in-human-molecular-genetics This page, from the scientific journal ScienceDirect, provides information on proteins and their role in human molecular genetics.
  5. “Proteins in Human Molecular Genetics” – https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Protein This page, from the National Human Genome Research Institute, provides an overview of proteins and their role in human molecular genetics. It also includes information on the structure and function of proteins, as well as their role in various processes in the body.

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