Phylogenetics

Phylogenetics is a field of science that deals with the study of evolutionary relationships among different groups of organisms. In the context of human population genetics, phylogenetics is used to understand how different human populations are related to one another and how they have evolved over time. The study of phylogenetics began in the early 20th century, when the first phylogenetic trees were constructed using data from morphological characteristics of organisms.

Today, phylogenetic analyses are primarily based on molecular data, such as DNA sequences. There are many different techniques and approaches used in phylogenetics, including cladistic analysis, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference. Training in phylogenetics typically involves coursework in genetics, evolutionary biology, and statistics, as well as hands-on experience working with molecular data and using specialized software tools.

There are many job opportunities for professionals with expertise in phylogenetics. These may include positions in academia, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries. Some common job titles in this field include research scientist, laboratory technician, data analyst, and postdoctoral researcher. In these roles, professionals may be involved in projects related to evolutionary biology, genetics, conservation, and public health, among others.

Sources & Resources

  1. “Phylogenetics in Human Evolutionary Genetics” – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377565/ This webpage provides an overview of the role of phylogenetics in human evolutionary genetics, including its applications and limitations.
  2. “Introduction to Phylogenetics” – https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/introduction-to-phylogenetics-14121479/ This webpage offers a beginner’s guide to phylogenetics, including an explanation of key concepts and terminology.
  3. “Phylogenetic Methods” – https://www.bio.davidson.edu/courses/molbio/molstudents/phylogeny.html This webpage provides a more detailed discussion of the different methods used in phylogenetic analyses, including different types of data and statistical approaches.
  4. “Human Evolution: Phylogeny and Phylogenetic Trees” – https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/human_evolution_phylogeny_01 This webpage presents an overview of the history and current state of the field of human evolution, with a particular focus on the use of phylogenetic methods.
  5. “Phylogenetics and Population Genetics” – https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/phylogenetics-and-population-genetics-14123905/ This webpage provides an overview of the relationship between phylogenetics and population genetics, including the ways in which these fields are related and how they differ.

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