Autosomal DNA is now the most used test for personal ethnic origins and recent genealogy matching. It is also the most complex method. Each of the testing companies has their own proprietary matching method. This makes interpretation all the more challenging. I have attempted to include all of the reputable companies here. If you notice one is missing, please contact me. I would be happy to add them.
Where you test yourself and relatives is an important decision. For genealogy research, I recommend autosomal DNA testing at all four of the major DNA companies. Today, these are FamilyTreeDNA, Ancestry.com, 23andMe, and Living DNA.
For all genetic genealogy, please review the Genetic Genealogy Standards.
Before using this chart, you should review the background information on the Autosomal DNA Genetic Genealogy page.
Autosomal DNA Company Comparison Chart
23andMe is based in the USA. Their mailing address is 23andMe, 899 W Evelyn Ave, Mountain View, CA 94041, USA.
Ancestry.com is a USA genealogy and lifestyle company that provides DNA testing for ethnic and recent genealogy (1 to 6 generations). Their mailing address is Ancestry, 360 W 4800, N Provo, UT 84604.
African DNA is a USA based company that focuses on African Diaspora populations. Their mailing address is African Ancestry, 5614 Connecticut Avenue NW, #297, Washington, DC 20015, USA.
FamilyTreeDNA is a branch of Gene by Gene. It was founded in 2000 by Bennett Greenspan and Max Blankfeld. Based in the USA, both company headquarters and their company owned testing lab are located at FamilyTreeDNA, 1445 North Loop West, Suite 820, Houston, TX 77008, USA.
Full Genomes Corp.
Full Genomes Corporation is a USA company that provides primarily Y-DNA and full genome sequencing using NexGen technology. Their mailing address is Full Genomes Corporation, Inc.
2275 Research Blvd, Suite 500, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
Genebase Systems, Inc.
Genebase Systems is owned by Genetrack Biolabs, Inc., a paternity testing company. The company and their testing lab are located in Canada. Their address is Genebase Systems Inc., 200-2806 Kingsway, Vancouver BC V5R 5T5, Canada.
The Genographic Project is an ongoing initiative of National Geographic. National Geographic’s mailing address is 1145 17th St., N. W., Washington, D. C., 20036, USA.
Living DNA is based out of England, However, they partner with testing labs in both the UK and the USA. Their mailing address for their headquarters is Living DNA, K10 The Courtyard, Jenson Avenue, Commerce Park, Frome, Somerset BA11 2FG, England.
Oxford Ancestors, Ltd.
Oxford Ancestors is located in England. Their address is Oxford Ancestors, PO BOX 841
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 9LJ, England.
YSeq is founded and owned by Astrid and Thomas Krahn. It is based in Germany. The mailing address is DNA-Fingerprint, Eiswaldtstr. 31, 12249 Berlin, Germany.