Excavation (archaeology) - Wikipedia


Archaeogenetics it the formal study of archaeology (ancient history) using genetics and DNA testing of ancient DNA samples.

Neandertal - Wikipedia

Ancient DNA

Ancient DNA (aDNA) comes from grave sites that predate the modern era. It can be considered to include forensic DNA samples.

Bauchet European clusters, Cluster 2 - Wikipedia

Ancestry-informative marker

An ancestry-informative marker is an autosomal DNA SNP or an X-chromosome DNA SNP that is geographically restricted in its frequency.

Eye and Skin Color Alleles - Wikipedia

Ancestral Allele

The ancestral allele (sometimes called Ancestral SNP or Wildtype Allele) is the version of a genetic trait that is believed to be the original value.

Evolution Path - Wikipedia

Ancestral haplotype

An ancestral haplotype is believed haplotype (haploid genotype) of a common ancestor to a group of people.

Red Hair Twins - Wikimedia

Affected relative pair

An affected relative pair are two organisms (human, cat, dog, chicken, etc.) that share the same trait.

Wedge Pea - Wildflowers in Noosa National park - by Tatters


An allele is one of a set of possible values for a genetic trait or variant.

Adenine - Wikipedia


Adenine is one of the four nucleobases that make up our DNA.

Genetic Genealogy Vocabulary Explained


Y-Chromosome is the human male sex chromosome.

Genetic Genealogy Vocabulary Explained

Unique-event polymorphism (UEP)

A Unique Event Polymorphism (UEP) is a Y-chromosome Binary Polymorphism that has happened exactly once on the human paternal tree.