Owing to its geographic location near the longitudinal center of Asia, Ladakh, the land of high passes, has witnessed numerous demographic movements during the past millenniums of occupation. In an effort to view Ladakh’s multicultural history from a paternal genetic perspective, we performed a high-resolution Y-chromosomal survey of Ladakh, within the context of Y haplogroup and haplotype distributions of 41 Asian reference populations. The results of this investigation highlight the rich ethnic and genetic diversity of Ladkah which includes genetic contributions from disparate regions of the continent including, West, East, South and Central Asia. The phylogenetic signals from Ladakh are consistent with the Indo-Aryans' occupation during the Neolithic age and its historic connection with Tibet, as well as the East–West gene flow associated with the Silk Road.
- Diane J Rowold, David Perez Benedico, Ralph Garcia-Bertrand, Shilpa Chennakrishnaiah, Miguel A Alfonso-Sanchez, Tenzin Gayden and Rene J Herrera (2016). Ladakh, India: the land of high passes and genetic heterogeneity reveals a confluence of migrations. European Journal of Human Genetics, 24(3), 442-449.
Peoples: - | Places: India and Ladakh | Topics: Neolithic and Silk Road | DNA Type: Y-DNA