Author(s): Molto, J.E., Loreille, O., Mallott, E.K., Malhi, R.S., Fast, S., Daniels-Higginbotham, J., Marshall, C. and Parr, R.
The curse of ancient Egyptian DNA was lifted by a recent study which sequenced the mitochondrial genomes (mtGenome) of 90 ancient Egyptians from the archaeological site of Abusir el-Meleq. Surprisingly, these ancient inhabitants were more closely related to those from the Near East than to contemporary Egyptians. It has been accepted that the timeless highway of the Nile River seeded Egypt with African genetic influence, well before pre-Dynastic times. Here we report on the successful recovery and analysis of the complete mtGenome from a burial recovered from a remote Romano–Christian cemetery, Kellis 2 (K2). K2 serviced the ancient municipality of Kellis, a village located in the Dakhleh Oasis in the southwest desert in Egypt. The data were obtained by high throughput sequencing (HTS) performed independently at two ancient DNA facilities (Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory, Dover, DE, USA and Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA). These efforts produced concordant haplotypes representing a U1a1a haplogroup lineage. This result indicates that Near Eastern maternal influence previously identified at Abusir el-Meleq was also present further south, in ancient Kellis during the Romano–Christian period.
Source Link: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4425/8/10/262
Peoples: Egyptians | Places: Abusir el-Meleq, Egypt, and Kellis 2 (K2) | Topics: Ancient DNA, Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt, high throughput sequencing, mitochondrial genome, mtGenome, and U1a1a haplogroup | DNA Type: mtDNA