L4a

Summary

Age: 39,811.7 ± 7,531.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C198T G3357A G10373A T11253C A11344G T11485C T12414C T13174C T14302C C16260T
Parent Branch: L4
Descendant branch(s): L4a1 L4a2

Background

Haplogroup L4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 32,300 and 47,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L4a 195C 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 16519 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L4a 195C 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 16519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L4a 195C 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L4a 195C 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 10 May 2009
05 L4a 195C 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L4a 195 3357 5460 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L4a 195 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L4a 195 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L4a 195 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L4a 195 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L4a 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L4a 198 3357 10373 11253 11344 11485 12414 13174 14302 16260 Released 20 Jul 2011
14 L4a C198T G3357A G10373A T11253C A11344G T11485C T12414C T13174C T14302C C16260T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L4a C198T G3357A G10373A T11253C A11344G T11485C T12414C T13174C T14302C C16260T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L4a C198T G3357A G10373A T11253C A11344G T11485C T12414C T13174C T14302C C16260T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L4a C198T G3357A G10373A T11253C A11344G T11485C T12414C T13174C T14302C C16260T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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