X4

Summary

Age: 9,820.6 ± 5,622.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! T195C! T6227C G12406A C16266T G16274A G16390A
Parent Branch: X
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,200 and 15,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 X4 152 195 2237 6227 11377 12406 13852 16266 16274 16390 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X4 152 195 2237 6227 11377 12406 13852 16266 16274 16390 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X4 152 195 2237 6227 11377 12406 13852 16266 16274 16390 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X4 T152C! T195C! T6227C G12406A C16266T G16274A G16390A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X4 T152C! T195C! T6227C G12406A C16266T G16274A G16390A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X4 T152C! T195C! T6227C G12406A C16266T G16274A G16390A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X4 T152C! T195C! T6227C G12406A C16266T G16274A G16390A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004883 Behar et al., 2012b X4:146 X4:309.1C, 315.1C, 4314, 15439A, 16183C, 16185, 16519
Hap5007879 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2237, 11377, 13852, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5008727 Fernandes et al., 2012 none X4:143, 315.1C, 466, 7278, 16182C, 16183C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101389 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10101390 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10101391 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101392 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101393 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101394 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101395 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101396 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101397 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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