X2m2

Summary

Age: 4,444.6 ± 3,655.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C4059T C6713T T8473C T16217C
Parent Branch: X2m
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X2m2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 8,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 X2m2 C4059T C6713T T8473C T16217C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2m2 C4059T C6713T T8473C T16217C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2m2 C4059T C6713T T8473C T16217C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2m2 C4059T C6713T T8473C T16217C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004575 Behar et al., 2012b none X2m2:309.1C, 315.1C, 14182, 16248
Hap5004747 Behar et al., 2012b none X2m2:309.1C, 315.1C, 11008, 15894
Hap5012726 Raule et al., 2014 none X2m2:309.1C, 315.1C, 11008, 14299, 15894

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101347 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10101348 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101349 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101350 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101351 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101352 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101353 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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