X2m1

Summary

Age: 9,629.9 ± 4,940.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A235G C16292T
Parent Branch: X2m
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X2m1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 14,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2m1 A235G C16292T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007396 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X2m1:315.1C, 4342, 14971
Hap5007491 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2m1:226 X2m1:315.1C, 3666, 7389, 10227, 15930, 16192
Hap5012741 Raule et al., 2014 X2m1:16311 X2m1:315.1C, 10978, 16192

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101328 United States United States Czech Republic Czech Republic
Hap10101329 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10101330 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10101331 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10101332 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101333 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101334 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101335 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10101336 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101337 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101338 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101339 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101340 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101341 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101342 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101343 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101344 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101345 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101346 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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