X2d1

Summary

Age: 5,319.9 ± 3,314.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T204C G207A A5186G T11878C
Parent Branch: X2d
Descendant branch(s): X2d1a

Background

Haplogroup X2d1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 8,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 X2d1 T204C G207A A5186G T11878C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2d1 T204C G207A A5186G T11878C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2d1 T204C G207A A5186G T11878C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2d1 T204C G207A A5186G T11878C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002097 Behar et al., 2012b none X2d1:315.1C, 523-524d, 709, 8400, 16183C
Hap5003266 Behar et al., 2012b none X2d1:315.1C, 709, 11084, 16256
Hap5007719 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X2d1:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 10389, 10586, 13299, 16183C, 16223
Hap5008712 Fernandes et al., 2012 X2d1:207 X2d1:315.1C, 709, 4527, 4529, 16093, 16183C
Hap5014037 Schönberg et al., 2011 none X2d1:310, 523-524d, 709, 8400, 14047N, 16183C
Hap5023679 Levin et al., 1999 none X2d1:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 12612, 16183C, 16193.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101151 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10101152 Japan United States United States United States
Hap10101153 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101154 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10101155 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10101156 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10101157 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101158 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101159 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101160 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101161 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101162 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101163 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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