X2d

Summary

Age: 10,870.2 ± 3,497.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C
Parent Branch: X2
Descendant branch(s): X2d1 X2d2

Background

Haplogroup X2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,400 and 14,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2d 6791 8503 13708 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2d 153! 204 207 225! 5186 6791 8503 11878 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2d 153! 204 207 225! 5186 6791 8503 11878 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2d 153! 225! 6791 8503 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2d 153! 225! 6791 8503 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2d 153! 225! 6791 8503 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2d G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2d G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2d G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2d G153A! A225G! A6791G T8503C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005153 Behar et al., 2012b X2d:152 X2d:315.1C, 3645, 8718, 11361, 16183C, 16298

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101125 Bosnia and Herzegovina Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro
Hap10101126 Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10101127 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10101128 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101129 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101130 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101131 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101132 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101133 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101134 United States United States United States United States
Hap10101135 Romania Romania Unspecified Romania
Hap10101136 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10101137 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101138 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101139 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101140 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101141 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101142 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101143 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101144 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101145 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101146 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101147 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101148 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101149 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101150 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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