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X2c1a

Summary

Age: 1,691.7 ± 2,492.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16108T
Parent Branch: X2c1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X2c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
05X2c1a16108Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2c1a16108Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2c1a16108Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2c1a16108Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2c1a16108Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2c1a16108Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2c1a16108Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2c1a16108Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2c1a16108Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2c1aC16108TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2c1aC16108TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2c1aC16108TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2c1aC16108TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001974Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9554, 16126, 16183C
Hap5002092Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2c1a:315.1C, 5004, 16183C
Hap5002175Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2c1a:315.1C, 16183C
Hap5002351Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2c1a:315.1C, 15928, 16178, 16183C
Hap5005146Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2c1a:315.1C, 15262Y, 16183C
Hap5008878Finnilä et al., 2001X2c1a:153, 227X2c1a:12613, 16183C
Hap5008879Finnilä et al., 2001X2c1a:153, 227X2c1a:12613, 16183C
Hap5012195Pichler et al., 2008noneX2c1a:315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16232
Hap5012197Pichler et al., 2008noneX2c1a:315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16232
Hap5012198Pichler et al., 2008noneX2c1a:315.1C, 3010, 16182C, 16183C, 16232
Hap5012199Pichler et al., 2008noneX2c1a:315.1C, 3010, 16182C, 16183C, 16232
Hap5013376Raule et al., 2014X2c1a:16255X2c1a:315.1C, 16183C, 16223, 16278, 16519
Hap5023678Reidla et al., 2003noneX2c1a:315.1C, 16183C, 16298

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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