X2c1

Summary

Age: 6,722.6 ± 2,544.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8705C
Parent Branch: X2c
Descendant branch(s): X2c1a X2c1b X2c1c X2c1d X2c1e

Background

Haplogroup X2c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,200 and 9,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 X2c1 8705 16108 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2c1 8705 16108 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2c1 8705 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2c1 8705 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2c1 8705 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2c1 8705 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2c1 8705 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2c1 8705 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2c1 8705 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2c1 8705 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2c1 8705 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2c1 T8705C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2c1 T8705C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2c1 T8705C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2c1 T8705C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001286 Behar et al., 2012b none X2c1:315.1C, 1824, 16183C
Hap5001991 Behar et al., 2012b none X2c1:315.1C, 709R, 4541, 16183C, 16248
Hap5003129 Behar et al., 2012b X2c1:227 X2c1:73, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16213
Hap5004388 Behar et al., 2012b none X2c1:315.1C, 8455, 11026, 11887, 13437, 16183C
Hap5004558 Behar et al., 2012b none X2c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14971, 15449, 16183C
Hap5004838 Behar et al., 2012b none X2c1:315.1C, 15313, 16183C
Hap5007596 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2c1:153 X2c1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5008877 Finnilä et al., 2001 none X2c1:315.1C, 12613, 16183C, 16460.1C
Hap5012593 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 3355, 10256, 16183C
Hap5012598 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 5036, 16183C, 16304
Hap5012668 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 4541, 5206G, 16183C, 16248
Hap5012824 Raule et al., 2014 X2c1:153 X2c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3355, 10256, 16183d, 16186
Hap5013079 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 3355, 10256, 16183C
Hap5013107 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 15313, 16183C
Hap5013251 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 2834, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5013318 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5013576 Raule et al., 2014 none X2c1:315.1C, 3355, 10256, 16183C
Hap5014133 Sequeira et al., 2015 none X2c1:315.1C, 8455, 11026, 11887, 13437, 16183C
Hap5014149 Sequeira et al., 2015 none X2c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5016178 Sukernik et al., 2012 X2c1:153 X2c1:315.1C, 2831, 14476, 16183C
Hap5017903 Gómez-Carballa et al., 2011 none X2c1:315.1C, 15804, 16183C
Hap5023677 Zheng et al., 2012 none X2c1:16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100875 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100876 United Kingdom Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100877 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10100878 Canada Belgium Belgium Belgium
Hap10100879 Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil
Hap10100880 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100881 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100882 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100883 Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10100884 Canada United States Denmark Denmark
Hap10100885 Canada Finland Finland Finland
Hap10100886 Finland Finland Finland Finland
Hap10100887 Finland Finland Finland Finland
Hap10100888 United States Finland Finland Finland
Hap10100889 Unspecified United States Finland Finland
Hap10100890 Germany Germany France France
Hap10100891 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10100892 Unspecified United States Germany Germany
Hap10100893 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10100894 Latvia Estonia Latvia Latvia
Hap10100895 United States United States Netherlands Netherlands
Hap10100896 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10100897 Russia Russia Russia Russia
Hap10100898 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10100899 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden
Hap10100900 Canada Canada Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10100901 South Africa South Africa United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100902 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100903 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100904 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100905 United States United States United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100906 Canada Canada United States United States
Hap10100907 United States South Africa United States United States
Hap10100908 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100909 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100910 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100911 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100912 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100913 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100914 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100915 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100916 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100917 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100918 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100919 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100920 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100921 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100922 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100923 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100924 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100925 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100926 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100927 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100928 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100929 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100930 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100931 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100932 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100933 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100934 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100935 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100936 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100937 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100938 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100939 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100940 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100941 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100942 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100943 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100944 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10100945 Australia Australia Unspecified Australia
Hap10100946 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10100947 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10100948 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10100949 Cuba Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10100950 United States Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10100951 Unspecified Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10100952 United Kingdom United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10100953 United States United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10100954 United States United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10100955 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100956 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100957 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100958 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100959 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100960 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100961 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100962 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100963 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100964 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100965 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100966 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100967 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100968 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100969 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100970 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100971 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100972 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100973 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100974 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100975 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100976 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100977 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100978 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100979 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100980 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100981 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100982 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100983 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100984 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100985 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100986 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100987 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100988 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100989 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100990 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100991 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100992 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100993 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100994 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100995 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100996 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100997 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100998 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100999 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101000 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101001 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101002 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101003 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101004 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101005 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101006 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101007 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101008 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101009 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101010 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101011 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101012 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101013 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101014 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101015 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101016 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101017 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101018 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101019 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101020 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101021 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101022 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101023 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101024 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101025 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101026 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101027 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101028 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101029 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101030 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101031 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101032 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101033 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101034 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101035 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101036 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101037 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101038 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101039 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101040 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101041 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101042 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101043 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101044 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101045 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101046 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101047 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101048 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101049 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101050 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101051 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101052 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101053 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101054 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101055 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101056 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101057 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101058 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101059 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101060 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101061 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101062 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101063 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101064 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101065 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101066 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101067 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101068 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101069 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101070 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101071 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101072 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101073 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101074 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101075 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101076 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101077 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101078 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101079 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101080 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101081 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101082 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101083 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101084 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101085 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101086 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101087 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101088 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101089 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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