X2c

Summary

Age: 9,505.0 ± 4,232.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A227G G16255A
Parent Branch: X2
Descendant branch(s): X2c1 X2c2

Background

Haplogroup X2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 13,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 X2c 227 8705 16255 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2c 227 8705 16255 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2c 227 16255 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2c 227 16255 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2c 227 16255 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2c 227 16255 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2c 227 16255 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2c 227 16255 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2c 227 16255 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2c 227 16255 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2c 227 16255 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2c A227G G16255A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2c A227G G16255A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2c A227G G16255A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2c A227G G16255A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004513 Behar et al., 2012b X2c:16187 X2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 11878, 12530, 15314, 16186.1CC, 16234
Hap5009008 Fraumene et al., 2006 none X2c:13807
Hap5009014 Fraumene et al., 2006 none X2c:13807, 15314
Hap5013905 Schönberg et al., 2011 X2c:6221, 6371 X2c:310, 4774N, 6221N, 6371N, 7792N, 8705N, 9560, 11467N, 14047N, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100790 Belgium Belgium Belgium Belgium
Hap10100791 United States Germany Germany Germany
Hap10100792 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10100793 Canada Italy Italy Italy
Hap10100794 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10100795 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10100796 Netherlands Spain Spain Spain
Hap10100797 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10100798 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10100799 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10100800 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100801 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100802 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100803 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100804 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100805 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100806 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100807 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100808 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100809 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100810 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100811 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100812 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100813 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100814 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100815 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100816 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100817 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10100818 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100819 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100820 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100821 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100822 Mexico Unspecified Unspecified Mexico
Hap10100823 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100824 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100825 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100826 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100827 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100828 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100829 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100830 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100831 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100832 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100833 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100834 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100835 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100836 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100837 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100838 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100839 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100840 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100841 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100842 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100843 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100844 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100845 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100846 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100847 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100848 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100849 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100850 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100851 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100852 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100853 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100854 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100855 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100856 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100857 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100859 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100860 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100861 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100862 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100863 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100864 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100865 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100866 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100867 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100868 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100869 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100870 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100871 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100872 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100873 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100874 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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