X2b4a

Summary

Age: 4,521.0 ± 2,509.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8592A
Parent Branch: X2b4
Descendant branch(s): X2b4a1

Background

Haplogroup X2b4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
08 X2b4a 8592 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2b4a 8592 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2b4a 8592 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2b4a 8592 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2b4a 8592 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2b4a 8592 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2b4a G8592A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2b4a G8592A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2b4a G8592A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2b4a G8592A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004816 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5375, 5640, 16271
Hap5007629 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2b4a:16129 X2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5553, 14193, 16183C
Hap5013545 Raule et al., 2014 X2b4a:153 X2b4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3624, 5375, 15355
Hap5014257 Shlush et al., 2008 none X2b4a:315.1C, 9017, 12465, 16126, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100627 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100628 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100629 Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10100630 Finland Finland Finland Finland
Hap10100631 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100632 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100633 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100634 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100635 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100636 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100637 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100638 Finland Finland Unspecified Finland
Hap10100639 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100640 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100641 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100642 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100643 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100644 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100645 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100649 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100650 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100652 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100653 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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