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X2b4

Summary

Age: 5,589.2 ± 2,597.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3705A
Parent Branch: X2b
Descendant branch(s): X2b4a

Background

Haplogroup X2b4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,000 and 8,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
03X2b43705Released 1 Mar 2009
04X2b43705Released 10 May 2009
05X2b43705Released 8 Jul 2009
06X2b43705Released 28 Sep 2009
07X2b43705Released 10 Nov 2009
08X2b43705Released 21 Mar 2010
09X2b43705Released 20 Jun 2010
10X2b43705Released 10 Aug 2010
11X2b43705Released 7 Feb 2011
12X2b43705Released 20 Jul 2011
13X2b43705Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14X2b4G3705AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15X2b4G3705AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16X2b4G3705AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17X2b4G3705AReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001304Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5002451Behar et al., 2012bX2b4:153X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 8856, 15735
Hap5002918Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4:315.1C, 16145, 16301
Hap5004679Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 2735, 16183C
Hap5004691Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12650A, 16183C
Hap5005320Behar et al., 2012bnoneX2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 7424, 10084
Hap5007692Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneX2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 14569, 16183C
Hap5008335Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016X2b4:16129X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 9100, 12864
Hap5015833Pereira et al., ‎2007X2b4:225, 16129X2b4:195, 315.1C, 9100, 12864, 16093

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100520AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10100521AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10100522AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10100523CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100524CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100525CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100526United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10100527United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10100528United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10100529CanadaSlovakiaCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10100530United StatesDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Hap10100531FranceFranceFranceFrance
Hap10100532GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10100533United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10100534RomaniaRomaniaRomaniaRomania
Hap10100535UnspecifiedSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10100536United StatesUnited StatesSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10100537United StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10100538FijiUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10100539MaltaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10100540United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10100541United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10100542United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100543United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100544United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100545United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100546United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100547United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100548United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100549United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100550United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100551United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100552United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100553United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100554United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100555United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100556United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100557United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100558United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100559United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100560United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100561United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100562United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100563United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10100564AustraliaAustraliaUnspecifiedAustralia
Hap10100565United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100566United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100567United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100568United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100569United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100570United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100571United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100572United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100573United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100574GermanyUnspecifiedUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10100575United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100576United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10100577UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100578UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100579UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100580UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100581UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100582UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100583UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100584UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100585UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100586UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100587UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100588UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100589UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100590UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100591UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100592UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100593UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100594UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100595UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100596UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100597UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100598UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100599UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100600UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100601UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100602UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100603UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100604UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100605UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100606UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100607UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100608UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100609UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100610UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100611UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100612UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100613UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100614UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100615UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100616UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100617UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100618UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100619UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100620UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100621UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100622UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100623UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100624UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100625UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10100626UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|