X2b4

Summary

Age: 5,589.2 ± 2,597.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3705A
Parent Branch: X2b
Descendant branch(s): X2b4a

Background

Haplogroup X2b4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,000 and 8,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 X2b4 3705 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2b4 3705 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2b4 3705 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2b4 3705 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2b4 3705 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2b4 3705 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2b4 3705 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2b4 3705 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2b4 3705 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2b4 3705 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2b4 3705 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2b4 G3705A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2b4 G3705A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2b4 G3705A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2b4 G3705A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001304 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5002451 Behar et al., 2012b X2b4:153 X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 8856, 15735
Hap5002918 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4:315.1C, 16145, 16301
Hap5004679 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 2735, 16183C
Hap5004691 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12650A, 16183C
Hap5005320 Behar et al., 2012b none X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 7424, 10084
Hap5007692 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X2b4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 14569, 16183C
Hap5008335 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2b4:16129 X2b4:309.1C, 315.1C, 9100, 12864
Hap5015833 Pereira et al., ‎2007 X2b4:225, 16129 X2b4:195, 315.1C, 9100, 12864, 16093

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100520 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100521 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100522 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10100523 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100524 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100525 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100526 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100527 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10100528 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10100529 Canada Slovakia Czech Republic Czech Republic
Hap10100530 United States Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10100531 France France France France
Hap10100532 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10100533 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10100534 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10100535 Unspecified Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro
Hap10100536 United States United States Slovakia Slovakia
Hap10100537 United States Switzerland Switzerland Switzerland
Hap10100538 Fiji United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100539 Malta United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100540 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100541 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10100542 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100543 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100544 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100545 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100546 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100547 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100548 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100549 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100550 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100551 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100552 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100553 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100554 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100555 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100556 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100557 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100558 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100559 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100560 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100561 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100562 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100563 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100564 Australia Australia Unspecified Australia
Hap10100565 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100566 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100567 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100568 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100569 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100570 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100571 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100572 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100573 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10100574 Germany Unspecified Unspecified Germany
Hap10100575 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100576 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100577 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100578 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100579 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100580 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100581 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100582 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100583 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100584 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100585 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100586 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100587 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100588 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100589 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100590 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100591 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100592 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100593 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100594 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100595 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100596 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100597 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100598 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100599 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100600 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100601 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100602 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100603 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100604 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100605 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100606 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100607 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100608 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100609 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100610 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100611 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100612 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100613 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100614 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100615 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100616 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100617 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100618 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100619 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100620 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100622 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100623 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100625 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100626 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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