X2a2

Summary

Age: 4,495.6 ± 3,349.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G1415A T10256C G14560A A16254c
Parent Branch: X2a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 10 May 2009
05 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2a2 1415 10256 14560 16254C Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2a2 G1415A T10256C G14560A A16254c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2a2 G1415A T10256C G14560A A16254c Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2a2 G1415A T10256C G14560A A16254c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2a2 G1415A T10256C G14560A A16254c Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007473 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X2a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3316, 16182C, 16183C, 16362
Hap5007484 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none X2a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3316, 16182C, 16183C, 16362
Hap5014207 Sequeira et al., 2015 none X2a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 8449, 16183C
Hap5016225 Perego et al., 2009 X2a2:146 X2a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100061 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100062 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100063 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100064 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10100065 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100066 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100067 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100068 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100069 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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