X2a1a1

Summary

Age: 3,688.3 ± 2,098.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G153A! T204C C16093T! G16319A A16213G!
Parent Branch: X2a1a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,600 and 5,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 X2a1a1 153 204 16093 16319 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2a1a1 153! 204 16093! 16319 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2a1a1 G153A! T204C C16093T! G16319A A16213G! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2a1a1 G153A! T204C C16093T! G16319A A16213G! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2a1a1 G153A! T204C C16093T! G16319A A16213G! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2a1a1 G153A! T204C C16093T! G16319A A16213G! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007133 Fagundes et al., 2008 none X2a1a1:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2393, 16183C, 16291, 16514A
Hap5007134 Fagundes et al., 2008 none X2a1a1:207, 315.1C, 2393, 16183C, 16291
Hap5007135 Fagundes et al., 2008 none X2a1a1:207, 315.1C, 317G, 2393, 16183C, 16213, 16291
Hap5007136 Fagundes et al., 2008 X2a1a1:16357 X2a1a1:315.1C, 2706, 7697, 10389

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10100050 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10100051 United States United States United States United States
Hap10100052 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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