X2

Summary

Age: 19,233.8 ± 2,640.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T195C! G1719A
Parent Branch: X
Descendant branch(s): X2a X2a'j X2b X2b'd X2c X2d X2e X2f X2g X2h X2i X2j X2k X2l X2m X2m'n X2n X2o X2p

Background

Haplogroup X2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,600 and 21,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 X2 195 1719 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 X2 195 1719 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 10 May 2009
05 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X2 195 (225) 1719 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X2 195 1719 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X2 195 1719 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X2 195 1719 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X2 195 1719 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X2 195 1719 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X2 T195C! G1719A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X2 T195C! G1719A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X2 T195C! G1719A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X2 T195C! G1719A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007509 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 X2:152 X2:315.1C, 3615, 5435, 11524, 16182C, 16183C, 16201
Hap5008701 Fernandes et al., 2012 none X2:198, 249d, 315.1C, 794, 6635, 7205, 9078, 12447, 13884T, 14178, 15119, 16183C, 16261
Hap5008702 Fernandes et al., 2012 none X2:198, 249d, 315.1C, 794, 6635, 7205, 9078, 12447, 13884T, 14178, 15119, 16183C, 16261
Hap5009548 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2:1-576d, 4884, 5024, 6956, 9692, 9986, 10775, 13020, 15734, 16024-16569d
Hap5009606 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2:1-576d, 8705, 16024-16569d
Hap5009627 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2:1-576d, 8705, 16024-16569d
Hap5009682 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2:1-576d, 8616, 16024-16569d
Hap5009901 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 X2:146, 152, 153, 247, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16311 X2:1-576d, 8705, 15313, 16024-16569d
Hap5013940 Schönberg et al., 2011 none X2:310, 489G, 3489, 5483, 14319, 16172
Hap5016306 Costa et al., 2009 none X2:315.1C, 1822, 8281-8289d, 8908, 16131, 16183d, 16223, 16278
Hap5020860 Derenko et al., 2013 X2:153 X2:189, 315.1C, 9647, 16256

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10099927 Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10099928 Russia Armenia Armenia Armenia
Hap10099929 Croatia Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10099930 Poland Poland Germany Germany
Hap10099931 United States Unspecified Germany Germany
Hap10099932 Armenia Armenia Iran Iran
Hap10099933 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10099934 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10099935 United States Italy Italy Italy
Hap10099936 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099937 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099938 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099939 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099940 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099941 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10099942 Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon
Hap10099943 Australia New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10099944 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10099945 Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia
Hap10099946 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden
Hap10099947 Germany Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10099948 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099949 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099950 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099951 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099952 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099953 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099954 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099955 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099956 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099957 United States United States United States United States
Hap10099958 United States Denmark Unspecified Denmark
Hap10099959 United States France Unspecified France
Hap10099960 United States Greece Unspecified Greece
Hap10099961 United States Italy Unspecified Italy
Hap10099962 Russia Ukraine Unspecified Ukraine
Hap10099963 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099964 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099965 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099966 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099967 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099968 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099969 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10099970 Saudi Arabia Unspecified Unspecified Saudi Arabia
Hap10099971 Saudi Arabia Unspecified Unspecified Saudi Arabia
Hap10099972 Turkey Unspecified Unspecified Turkey
Hap10099973 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10099974 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099975 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099976 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099977 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099978 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099979 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099980 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099981 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099982 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099983 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099984 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099985 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099986 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099987 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099988 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099989 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099990 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099991 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099992 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099993 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099994 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099995 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099996 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099997 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099998 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10099999 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100000 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100001 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100002 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100003 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100004 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100005 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100006 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100007 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100008 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100009 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100010 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100011 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100012 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100013 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100014 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100015 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100016 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100017 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100018 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100019 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100020 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100021 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100022 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100023 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100024 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100025 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100026 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100027 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10100028 Panama United States Venezuela Venezuela

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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