X1a

Summary

Age: 11,161.7 ± 4,538.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A6359G C7533T C8140T
Parent Branch: X1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup X1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,600 and 15,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278 Released 10 May 2009
05 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278! Released 28 Sep 2009
07 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278! Released 10 Nov 2009
08 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278! Released 21 Mar 2010
09 X1a1 5302 6359 7533 8140 16278! Released 20 Jun 2010
10 X1a1 6359 7533 8140 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 X1a 6359 7533 8140 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 X1a 6359 7533 8140 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 X1a 6359 7533 8140 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 X1a A6359G C7533T C8140T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 X1a A6359G C7533T C8140T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 X1a A6359G C7533T C8140T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 X1a A6359G C7533T C8140T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5014254 Shlush et al., 2008 none X1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4580, 8743, 8856, 10978, 12612, 16145, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5014255 Shlush et al., 2008 X1a:153 X1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4580, 8743, 8856, 10978, 12612, 16145, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5016151 Kujanová et al., 2009 X1a:16104 X1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7598, 8905, 11911
Hap5016154 Kujanová et al., 2009 X1a:16104 X1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7598, 8905, 11911

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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