S2

Summary

Age: 38,659.8 ± 9,024.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Australia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands
Mutations: C2380T G3438A T6167C
Parent Branch: S
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup S2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 29,600 and 47,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 10 May 2009
05 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 S2 2380 3438 6167 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 S2 C2380T G3438A T6167C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 S2 C2380T G3438A T6167C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 S2 C2380T G3438A T6167C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 S2 C2380T G3438A T6167C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010099 Ingman et al., 2000 S2:7521 S2:309.1C, 315.1C, 471, 524.1ACAC, 2263A, 2416, 9174, 10736, 11023, 13135, 13708, 14182, 14455, 16184, 16256
Hap5010151 Ingman et al., 2000 none S2:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5324, 6092, 8961, 9682, 14502
Hap5010160 Ingman et al., 2000 S2:16129 S2:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4015, 4695, 4834, 13145C, 15443G, 15516, 16209, 16218, 16223, 16356, 16519
Hap5010161 Ingman et al., 2000 S2:195 S2:150, 194, 315.1C, 3351A, 5562, 12061, 14502, 15377, 16271, 16519
Hap5012477 Rasmussen et al., 2011 S2:16189 S2:150, 296, 315.1C, 10188, 12561, 13708, 16184A, 16223, 16356, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10073014 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10073015 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10073016 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: October 14, 2017 at 18:30 pm

Keywords

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2017-10-14T18:30:40+00:00 June 6th, 2016|