Age: 4,298.9 ± 3,487.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8856c
Parent Branch: K1a4a1b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup K1a4a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
09 K1a4a1b1 8856C Released 20 Jun 2010
10 K1a4a1b1 8856C Released 10 Aug 2010
11 K1a4a1b1 8856C Released 7 Feb 2011
12 K1a4a1b1 8856C Released 20 Jul 2011
14 K1a4a1b1 G8856c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16 K1a4a1b1 G8856c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 K1a4a1b1 G8856c Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002137 Behar et al., 2012b K1a4a1b1:16093 K1a4a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6951, 15508
Hap5007329 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 K1a4a1b1:195, 16093 K1a4a1b1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12957, 14384
Hap5007543 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 K1a4a1b1:16093 K1a4a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007635 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 K1a4a1b1:16093 K1a4a1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1438, 16188
Hap5009738 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 K1a4a1b1:146, 152, 195, 247, 497, 16093, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16224, 16230, 16278 K1a4a1b1:1-576d, 6951, 15508, 16024-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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