Age: 16,003.1 ± 2,503.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15924G
Parent Branch: K1a1
Descendant branch(s): K1a1b1 K1a1b2


Haplogroup K1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,500 and 18,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 K1a1b 15924 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 K1a1b 15924 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 K1a1b 15924 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 K1a1b 15924 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 K1a1b 15924 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 K1a1b 15924 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 K1a1b 15924 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 K1a1b 15924 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 K1a1b 15924 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 K1a1b 15924 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 K1a1b 15924 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 K1a1b A15924G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 K1a1b A15924G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 K1a1b A15924G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 K1a1b A15924G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008178 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 K1a1b:16093 K1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 12816, 13135, 15323, 16295, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10059961 Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
Hap10059962 Greece Greece Greece Greece
Hap10059963 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10059964 Poland Poland Poland Poland
Hap10059965 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10059966 United States United States United States United States
Hap10059967 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059968 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059969 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059970 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059971 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059972 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10059973 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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