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Age: 12,062.7 ± 4,581.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3591A G7642A G13590A G15927A
Parent Branch: U6a
Descendant branch(s): U6a5a U6a5b U6a5c


Haplogroup U6a5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,500 and 16,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 27 Aug 2008
02U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 14 Oct 2008
05U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 8 Jul 2009
06U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 28 Sep 2009
07U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 10 Nov 2009
08U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 21 Mar 2010
09U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 20 Jun 2010
10U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 10 Aug 2010
11U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 7 Feb 2011
12U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 20 Jul 2011
13U6a53591 7642 13590 15927Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U6a5G3591A G7642A G13590A G15927AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U6a5G3591A G7642A G13590A G15927AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U6a5G3591A G7642A G13590A G15927AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U6a5G3591A G7642A G13590A G15927AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003260Behar et al., 2012bnoneU6a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 5261, 9753C, 10978
Hap5012162Pennarun et al., 2012U6a5:146, 10398, 16189U6a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 3117d, 6407, 10268, 12397
Hap5012703Raule et al., 2014U6a5:10398, 16189U6a5:315.1C, 2083K, 6407, 10825, 12562G
Hap5012797Raule et al., 2014U6a5:7805, 10398, 16172, 16189U6a5:315.1C, 6407, 7680, 10825
Hap5014065Secher et al., 2014noneU6a5:315.1C, 8986, 12771, 15812
Hap5014100Secher et al., 2014U6a5:146, 10398, 16189U6a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 6407, 10268, 12397
Hap5015693Olivieri et al., 2006noneU6a5:315.1C, 8713, 10192, 16126, 16169
Hap5015696Olivieri et al., 2006U6a5:146, 10398, 16189U6a5:309.1C, 315.1C, 6407, 10268, 12397
Hap5023638Zheng et al., 2012noneU6a5:5261, 9753C, 10978

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10094354United StatesUnited StatesPortugalPortugal
Hap10094355Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10094356United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10094357United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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