Age: 6,760.3 ± 3,304.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12696C A16240c
Parent Branch: U5b2b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5b2b1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,500 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 U5b2b1a2 T12696C A16240c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5b2b1a2 T12696C A16240c Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5b2b1a2 T12696C A16240c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5b2b1a2 T12696C A16240c Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003138 Behar et al., 2012b none U5b2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 13326, 15014, 15259, 16092, 16519
Hap5016941 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U5b2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 5553, 8348, 13467, 16234

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10093499 United States United States United States United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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