Age: 20,040.2 ± 3,208.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C1721T A13637G
Parent Branch: U5b
Descendant branch(s): U5b2a U5b2b U5b2c


Haplogroup U5b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,800 and 23,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U5b2 1721 13637 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U5b2 C1721T A13637G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5b2 C1721T A13637G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5b2 C1721T A13637G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5b2 C1721T A13637G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004787 Behar et al., 2012b U5b2:195 U5b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 2380, 13299, 16290, 16519
Hap5008110 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U5b2:152 U5b2:257, 264, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4080, 9139, 13434, 14199, 14409, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10092271 India India India India
Hap10092272 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10092273 United States United States United States United States
Hap10092274 United States United States United States United States
Hap10092275 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10092276 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10092277 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10092278 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10092279 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10092280 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10092281 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10092282 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10092283 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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