Age: 8,380.0 ± 3,964.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A10768G
Parent Branch: U5a2c
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup U5a2c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 12,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 U5a2c2 A10768G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U5a2c2 A10768G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U5a2c2 A10768G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U5a2c2 A10768G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003425 Behar et al., 2012b none U5a2c2:315.1C, 12166, 16519
Hap5009100 Gasparre et al., 2007 U5a2c2:16526 U5a2c2:315.1C, 3714, 9387S, 14034, 15791, 16172, 16519
Hap5010989 Kivisild et al., 2006 U5a2c2:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16192, 16223, 16230, 16256, 16270, 16278, 16311, 16526 U5a2c2:1-435d, 3714, 14034, 15791, 16022-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10090485 Unspecified Canada Canada Canada
Hap10090486 United States United States United States United States
Hap10090487 United States United States United States United States
Hap10090488 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10090489 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10090490 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10090491 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10090492 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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