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Age: 6,505.4 ± 3,590.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T199C G8251A
Parent Branch: U5a1f1
Descendant branch(s): U5a1f1a1


Haplogroup U5a1f1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,900 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14U5a1f1aT199C G8251AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U5a1f1aT199C G8251AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U5a1f1aT199C G8251AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U5a1f1aT199C G8251AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000082Achilli et al., 2005noneU5a1f1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6674, 16519
Hap5004320Behar et al., 2012bnoneU5a1f1a:315.1C, 1700, 8634, 14544, 16093Y, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10089228United StatesUnited StatesLatviaLatvia
Hap10089229United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10089230UnspecifiedUnited StatesRomaniaRomania
Hap10089231United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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