U4d2

Summary

Age: 6,310.5 ± 3,906.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5567C C10692T C11326T G11518A A13105G! T16189C!
Parent Branch: U4d
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup U4d2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,400 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4d2 5567 10692 11326 11518 13105 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4d2 T5567C C10692T C11326T G11518A A13105G! T16189C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4d2 T5567C C10692T C11326T G11518A A13105G! T16189C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4d2 T5567C C10692T C11326T G11518A A13105G! T16189C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4d2 T5567C C10692T C11326T G11518A A13105G! T16189C! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008353 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U4d2:152 U4d2:185, 189, 315.1C, 1193, 16189
Hap5010093 Ingman et al., 2000 U4d2:152, 1811 U4d2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16189
Hap5015550 Volodko et al., 2008 none U4d2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3637A
Hap5016041 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a U4d2:152 U4d2:185, 189, 215, 315.1C, 1193, 13145, 16183C
Hap5016781 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U4d2:315.1C, 12236, 16189
Hap5016784 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U4d2:315.1C, 12236, 16189

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10086512 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10086513 Croatia Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10086514 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10086515 Uzbekistan Ukraine Russia Russia
Hap10086516 United States United States United States United States
Hap10086517 United States United States United States United States
Hap10086518 Russia Unspecified Unspecified Russia
Hap10086519 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086520 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086521 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086522 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086523 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086524 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086525 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086526 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086527 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086528 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086529 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086530 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086531 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086532 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086533 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|