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U4d1

Summary

Age: 8,983.9 ± 3,715.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C2772T
Parent Branch: U4d
Descendant branch(s): U4d1a U4d1b

Background

Haplogroup U4d1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 12,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01U4d12772Released 27 Aug 2008
02U4d12772Released 14 Oct 2008
05U4d12772Released 8 Jul 2009
06U4d12772Released 28 Sep 2009
07U4d12772Released 10 Nov 2009
08U4d12772Released 21 Mar 2010
09U4d12772Released 20 Jun 2010
10U4d12772Released 10 Aug 2010
11U4d12772Released 7 Feb 2011
12U4d12772Released 20 Jul 2011
13U4d12772Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4d1C2772TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4d1C2772TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4d1C2772TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4d1C2772TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007810Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneU4d1:214R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 8877, 9717, 13763, 16272

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10086477United StatesLithuaniaLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10086478United StatesUnited StatesLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10086479United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086480United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10086481UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10086482UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086483UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086484UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086485UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086486UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086487UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10086488UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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