U4c2

Summary

Age: 9,452.0 ± 4,985.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8705C C10676T
Parent Branch: U4c
Descendant branch(s): U4c2a

Background

Haplogroup U4c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,500 and 14,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 U4c2 8705 10676 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4c2 8705 10676 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4c2 8705 10676 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4c2 T8705C C10676T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4c2 T8705C C10676T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4c2 T8705C C10676T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4c2 T8705C C10676T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007864 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U4c2:146 U4c2:228, 315.1C, 11002, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10086417 Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands
Hap10086418 United States United States United States United States
Hap10086419 United States United States United States United States
Hap10086420 United States United States United States United States
Hap10086421 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10086422 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10086423 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086424 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086425 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086426 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086427 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086428 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086429 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086430 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086431 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10086432 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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