U4b1a2

Summary

Age: 3,159.5 ± 1,967.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A
Parent Branch: U4b1a
Descendant branch(s): U4b1a2a U4b1a2b

Background

Haplogroup U4b1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4b1a2 11143 11176 12609 13708 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4b1a2 C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4b1a2 C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4b1a2 C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4b1a2 C11143T G11176A T12609C G13708A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001804 Behar et al., 2012b none U4b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007665 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U4b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5009843 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 U4b1a2:146, 152, 247, 499, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16356 U4b1a2:1-576d, 16024-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10085624 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10085625 United States Brazil United States United States
Hap10085626 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085627 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085628 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085629 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085630 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085631 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085632 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10085633 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085634 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085635 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10085636 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10085637 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10085638 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085639 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085640 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085641 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085642 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085643 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085644 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085645 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085649 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085650 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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