U4b

Summary

Age: 12,589.4 ± 2,804.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T7705C
Parent Branch: U4
Descendant branch(s): U4b1 U4b2 U4b3

Background

Haplogroup U4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,800 and 15,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U4b 7705 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4b 7705 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4b 7705 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4b 7705 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4b 7705 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4b 7705 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4b 7705 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4b 7705 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4b 7705 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4b 7705 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4b 7705 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4b T7705C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4b T7705C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4b T7705C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4b T7705C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001569 Behar et al., 2012b none U4b:315.1C, 524.1AC, 15784
Hap5004488 Behar et al., 2012b U4b:16129 U4b:196, 315.1C, 4418, 7403, 11696
Hap5016059 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none U4b:315.1C, 10523
Hap5021154 Derenko et al., 2013 none U4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5021, 12771, 15226, 16319

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10085483 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10085484 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10085485 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10085486 United States United States Slovakia Slovakia
Hap10085487 Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10085488 United States United States Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10085489 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085490 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085491 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085492 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085493 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10085494 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085495 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085496 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085497 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085498 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085499 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085500 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085501 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085502 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085503 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085504 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085505 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085506 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085507 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085508 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085509 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085510 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085511 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085512 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085513 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085514 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085515 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085516 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085517 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085518 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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