U4a2c

Summary

Age: 7,440.1 ± 2,738.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8567C
Parent Branch: U4a2
Descendant branch(s): U4a2c1

Background

Haplogroup U4a2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U4a2c 8567 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4a2c 8567 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4a2c 8567 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4a2c 8567 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4a2c 8567 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4a2c 8567 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a2c 8567 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a2c 8567 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a2c 8567 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a2c 8567 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a2c 8567 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a2c T8567C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a2c T8567C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a2c T8567C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a2c T8567C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016079 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none U4a2c:9548, 14766

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10085305 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10085306 United States Greece Greece Greece
Hap10085307 India India India India
Hap10085308 Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro
Hap10085309 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085310 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085311 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085312 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085313 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085314 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10085315 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10085316 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085317 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085318 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085319 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085320 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085321 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085322 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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