U4a2

Summary

Age: 8,802.5 ± 2,459.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T310C
Parent Branch: U4a
Descendant branch(s): U4a2a U4a2b U4a2c U4a2d U4a2e U4a2f U4a2g U4a2h

Background

Haplogroup U4a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,300 and 11,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U4a2 310 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4a2 310 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4a2 310 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4a2 310 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4a2 310 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4a2 310 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a2 310 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a2 310 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a2 310 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a2 310 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a2 310 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a2 T310C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a2 T310C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a2 T310C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a2 T310C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001199 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a2:6827, 12172, 16270
Hap5003410 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a2:524.1ACAC, 8882G, 13215, 16293C
Hap5004967 Behar et al., 2012b U4a2:10873, 11914, 16189 U4a2:524.1ACAC, 1555
Hap5005013 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a2:524.1ACAC, 6827, 12172
Hap5005277 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a2:524.1AC, 3010, 16261
Hap5007720 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U4a2:524.1ACAC, 15884
Hap5012809 Raule et al., 2014 U4a2:152 U4a2:196, 316C, 14180G, 16519
Hap5014026 Schönberg et al., 2011 U4a2:152, 16129 U4a2:9015, 9498, 9989, 11446, 13941
Hap5016045 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none U4a2:524.1AC
Hap5016068 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a U4a2:146 U4a2:8027, 12021C
Hap5016070 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a U4a2:16189 U4a2:524.1AC, 16183C
Hap5020854 Derenko et al., 2013 none U4a2:143, 524.1AC, 1766, 15244
Hap5020951 Derenko et al., 2013 none U4a2:143, 394, 524.1ACAC
Hap5023556 Zheng et al., 2012 none U4a2:3736, 16344, 16362
Hap5023557 Zheng et al., 2012 none U4a2:3736, 16344, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|